Transformers Zeichentrick


Reviewed by:
Rating:
5
On 18.05.2020
Last modified:18.05.2020

Summary:

Abonnieren. Einen Hoffnungsschimmer bringt ihr etwas mit Benedikt XVI.

Transformers Zeichentrick

Transformers (Originaltitel: The Transformers; heute im Rückblick auch unter dem Namen Transformers: Generation One bzw. Generation 1 bekannt) ist eine. Transformers steht für: Transformers (Spielzeug), eine Serie von Spielzeug-​Action-Figuren, die seit erscheint. Fernsehserien, mit denen die Spielzeugfiguren beworben wurden: Transformers (Zeichentrickserie), eine Zeichentrickserie aus den Jahren. Zeichentrickserie (Transformers; –). Die Transformers sind intelligente, fühlende Maschinen vom Planeten Cybertron und in zwei feindliche Lager.

Transformers Zeichentrick Transformers auf DVD und Blu-ray

Transformers ist eine US-amerikanische Zeichentrickserie, die auf der Spielzeugserie Transformers des US-amerikanischen Herstellers Hasbro basiert und ursprünglich als Werbeträger für diese konzipiert war. Transformers (Originaltitel: The Transformers; heute im Rückblick auch unter dem Namen Transformers: Generation One bzw. Generation 1 bekannt) ist eine. Transformers steht für: Transformers (Spielzeug), eine Serie von Spielzeug-​Action-Figuren, die seit erscheint. Fernsehserien, mit denen die Spielzeugfiguren beworben wurden: Transformers (Zeichentrickserie), eine Zeichentrickserie aus den Jahren. Online-Shopping mit großer Auswahl im DVD & Blu-ray Shop. Bumblebee ist ein echter Kämpfer und war früher Scout der Autobots. Er ist ein treuer Freund von Optimus Prime. Er kann sich in einen gelben Sportwagen mit. Zeichentrickserie (Transformers; –). Die Transformers sind intelligente, fühlende Maschinen vom Planeten Cybertron und in zwei feindliche Lager.

Transformers Zeichentrick

Online-Shopping mit großer Auswahl im DVD & Blu-ray Shop. Zeichentrickserie (Transformers; –). Die Transformers sind intelligente, fühlende Maschinen vom Planeten Cybertron und in zwei feindliche Lager. Transformers ist eine US-amerikanische Zeichentrickserie, die auf der Spielzeugserie Transformers des US-amerikanischen Herstellers Hasbro basiert und ursprünglich als Werbeträger für diese konzipiert war.

The choice of construction represents a trade-off between initial cost and operating cost. Closed-core transformers are constructed in 'core form' or 'shell form'.

When windings surround the core, the transformer is core form; when windings are surrounded by the core, the transformer is shell form.

At higher voltage and power ratings, shell form transformers tend to be more prevalent. Transformers for use at power or audio frequencies typically have cores made of high permeability silicon steel.

Each lamination is insulated from its neighbors by a thin non-conducting layer of insulation. The effect of laminations is to confine eddy currents to highly elliptical paths that enclose little flux, and so reduce their magnitude.

Thinner laminations reduce losses, [27] but are more laborious and expensive to construct. One common design of laminated core is made from interleaved stacks of E-shaped steel sheets capped with I-shaped pieces, leading to its name of 'E-I transformer'.

The cut-core or C-core type is made by winding a steel strip around a rectangular form and then bonding the layers together. It is then cut in two, forming two C shapes, and the core assembled by binding the two C halves together with a steel strap.

A steel core's remanence means that it retains a static magnetic field when power is removed. When power is then reapplied, the residual field will cause a high inrush current until the effect of the remaining magnetism is reduced, usually after a few cycles of the applied AC waveform.

On transformers connected to long, overhead power transmission lines, induced currents due to geomagnetic disturbances during solar storms can cause saturation of the core and operation of transformer protection devices.

Distribution transformers can achieve low no-load losses by using cores made with low-loss high-permeability silicon steel or amorphous non-crystalline metal alloy.

The higher initial cost of the core material is offset over the life of the transformer by its lower losses at light load.

Powdered iron cores are used in circuits such as switch-mode power supplies that operate above mains frequencies and up to a few tens of kilohertz.

These materials combine high magnetic permeability with high bulk electrical resistivity. For frequencies extending beyond the VHF band , cores made from non-conductive magnetic ceramic materials called ferrites are common.

Toroidal transformers are built around a ring-shaped core, which, depending on operating frequency, is made from a long strip of silicon steel or permalloy wound into a coil, powdered iron, or ferrite.

The closed ring shape eliminates air gaps inherent in the construction of an E-I core. The primary and secondary coils are often wound concentrically to cover the entire surface of the core.

This minimizes the length of wire needed and provides screening to minimize the core's magnetic field from generating electromagnetic interference.

Toroidal transformers are more efficient than the cheaper laminated E-I types for a similar power level.

Other advantages compared to E-I types, include smaller size about half , lower weight about half , less mechanical hum making them superior in audio amplifiers , lower exterior magnetic field about one tenth , low off-load losses making them more efficient in standby circuits , single-bolt mounting, and greater choice of shapes.

The main disadvantages are higher cost and limited power capacity see Classification parameters below. Because of the lack of a residual gap in the magnetic path, toroidal transformers also tend to exhibit higher inrush current, compared to laminated E-I types.

Ferrite toroidal cores are used at higher frequencies, typically between a few tens of kilohertz to hundreds of megahertz, to reduce losses, physical size, and weight of inductive components.

A drawback of toroidal transformer construction is the higher labor cost of winding. This is because it is necessary to pass the entire length of a coil winding through the core aperture each time a single turn is added to the coil.

As a consequence, toroidal transformers rated more than a few kVA are uncommon. Small distribution transformers may achieve some of the benefits of a toroidal core by splitting it and forcing it open, then inserting a bobbin containing primary and secondary windings.

A transformer can be produced by placing the windings near each other, an arrangement termed an "air-core" transformer.

An air-core transformer eliminates loss due to hysteresis in the core material. Air-core transformers are unsuitable for use in power distribution, [12] but are frequently employed in radio-frequency applications.

The electrical conductor used for the windings depends upon the application, but in all cases the individual turns must be electrically insulated from each other to ensure that the current travels throughout every turn.

For small transformers, in which currents are low and the potential difference between adjacent turns is small, the coils are often wound from enamelled magnet wire.

Larger power transformers may be wound with copper rectangular strip conductors insulated by oil-impregnated paper and blocks of pressboard.

High-frequency transformers operating in the tens to hundreds of kilohertz often have windings made of braided Litz wire to minimize the skin-effect and proximity effect losses.

The transposition equalizes the current flowing in each strand of the conductor, and reduces eddy current losses in the winding itself.

The stranded conductor is also more flexible than a solid conductor of similar size, aiding manufacture. The windings of signal transformers minimize leakage inductance and stray capacitance to improve high-frequency response.

Coils are split into sections, and those sections interleaved between the sections of the other winding. Power-frequency transformers may have taps at intermediate points on the winding, usually on the higher voltage winding side, for voltage adjustment.

Taps may be manually reconnected, or a manual or automatic switch may be provided for changing taps. Automatic on-load tap changers are used in electric power transmission or distribution, on equipment such as arc furnace transformers, or for automatic voltage regulators for sensitive loads.

Audio-frequency transformers, used for the distribution of audio to public address loudspeakers, have taps to allow adjustment of impedance to each speaker.

A center-tapped transformer is often used in the output stage of an audio power amplifier in a push-pull circuit.

Modulation transformers in AM transmitters are very similar. Small dry-type and liquid-immersed transformers are often self-cooled by natural convection and radiation heat dissipation.

As power ratings increase, transformers are often cooled by forced-air cooling, forced-oil cooling, water-cooling, or combinations of these.

The mineral oil and paper insulation system has been extensively studied and used for more than years. Building regulations in many jurisdictions require indoor liquid-filled transformers to either use dielectric fluids that are less flammable than oil, or be installed in fire-resistant rooms.

The tank of liquid filled transformers often has radiators through which the liquid coolant circulates by natural convection or fins.

Some large transformers employ electric fans for forced-air cooling, pumps for forced-liquid cooling, or have heat exchangers for water-cooling.

Polychlorinated biphenyls have properties that once favored their use as a dielectric coolant , though concerns over their environmental persistence led to a widespread ban on their use.

Some transformers, instead of being liquid-filled, have their windings enclosed in sealed, pressurized tanks and cooled by nitrogen or sulfur hexafluoride gas.

Insulation must be provided between the individual turns of the windings, between the windings, between windings and core, and at the terminals of the winding.

Inter-turn insulation of small transformers may be a layer of insulating varnish on the wire. Layer of paper or polymer films may be inserted between layers of windings, and between primary and secondary windings.

A transformer may be coated or dipped in a polymer resin to improve the strength of windings and protect them from moisture or corrosion. The resin may be impregnated into the winding insulation using combinations of vacuum and pressure during the coating process, eliminating all air voids in the winding.

In the limit, the entire coil may be placed in a mold, and resin cast around it as a solid block, encapsulating the windings.

Large oil-filled power transformers use windings wrapped with insulating paper, which is impregnated with oil during assembly of the transformer.

Oil-filled transformers use highly refined mineral oil to insulate and cool the windings and core. Construction of oil-filled transformers requires that the insulation covering the windings be thoroughly dried of residual moisture before the oil is introduced.

Drying may be done by circulating hot air around the core, by circulating externally heated transformer oil, or by vapor-phase drying VPD where an evaporated solvent transfers heat by condensation on the coil and core.

For small transformers, resistance heating by injection of current into the windings is used. Larger transformers are provided with high-voltage insulated bushings made of polymers or porcelain.

A large bushing can be a complex structure since it must provide careful control of the electric field gradient without letting the transformer leak oil.

Various specific electrical application designs require a variety of transformer types. Although they all share the basic characteristic transformer principles, they are customized in construction or electrical properties for certain installation requirements or circuit conditions.

In electric power transmission , transformers allow transmission of electric power at high voltages, which reduces the loss due to heating of the wires.

This allows generating plants to be located economically at a distance from electrical consumers. In many electronic devices, a transformer is used to convert voltage from the distribution wiring to convenient values for the circuit requirements, either directly at the power line frequency or through a switch mode power supply.

Signal and audio transformers are used to couple stages of amplifiers and to match devices such as microphones and record players to the input of amplifiers.

Audio transformers allowed telephone circuits to carry on a two-way conversation over a single pair of wires.

A balun transformer converts a signal that is referenced to ground to a signal that has balanced voltages to ground , such as between external cables and internal circuits.

Isolation transformers prevent leakage of current into the secondary circuit and are used in medical equipment and at construction sites.

Resonant transformers are used for coupling between stages of radio receivers, or in high-voltage Tesla coils. Electromagnetic induction , the principle of the operation of the transformer, was discovered independently by Michael Faraday in and Joseph Henry in Faraday performed early experiments on induction between coils of wire, including winding a pair of coils around an iron ring, thus creating the first toroidal closed-core transformer.

The first type of transformer to see wide use was the induction coil , invented by Rev. Nicholas Callan of Maynooth College , Ireland in Induction coils evolved from scientists' and inventors' efforts to get higher voltages from batteries.

Since batteries produce direct current DC rather than AC, induction coils relied upon vibrating electrical contacts that regularly interrupted the current in the primary to create the flux changes necessary for induction.

Between the s and the s, efforts to build better induction coils, mostly by trial and error, slowly revealed the basic principles of transformers.

By the s, efficient generators producing alternating current AC were available, and it was found AC could power an induction coil directly, without an interrupter.

In , Russian engineer Pavel Yablochkov invented a lighting system based on a set of induction coils where the primary windings were connected to a source of AC.

The secondary windings could be connected to several 'electric candles' arc lamps of his own design. The coils Yablochkov employed functioned essentially as transformers.

In , the Ganz factory , Budapest, Hungary, began producing equipment for electric lighting and, by , had installed over fifty systems in Austria-Hungary.

Their AC systems used arc and incandescent lamps, generators, and other equipment. Lucien Gaulard and John Dixon Gibbs first exhibited a device with an open iron core called a 'secondary generator' in London in , then sold the idea to the Westinghouse company in the United States.

Induction coils with open magnetic circuits are inefficient at transferring power to loads. Until about , the paradigm for AC power transmission from a high voltage supply to a low voltage load was a series circuit.

Open-core transformers with a ratio near were connected with their primaries in series to allow use of a high voltage for transmission while presenting a low voltage to the lamps.

The inherent flaw in this method was that turning off a single lamp or other electric device affected the voltage supplied to all others on the same circuit.

Many adjustable transformer designs were introduced to compensate for this problematic characteristic of the series circuit, including those employing methods of adjusting the core or bypassing the magnetic flux around part of a coil.

In both designs, the magnetic flux linking the primary and secondary windings traveled almost entirely within the confines of the iron core, with no intentional path through air see Toroidal cores below.

The new transformers were 3. Transformers today are designed on the principles discovered by the three engineers. They also popularized the word 'transformer' to describe a device for altering the EMF of an electric current [70] although the term had already been in use by He assigned to William Stanley the task of developing a device for commercial use in United States.

This design [75] was first used commercially in the US in [76] but Westinghouse was intent on improving the Stanley design to make it unlike the ZBD type easy and cheap to produce.

Pre-wound copper coils could then be slid into place, and straight iron plates laid in to create a closed magnetic circuit.

Westinghouse otained a patent for the new low-cost design in In , Nikola Tesla invented the Tesla coil , an air-cored, dual-tuned resonant transformer for producing very high voltages at high frequency.

Audio frequency transformers " repeating coils " were used by early experimenters in the development of the telephone.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Electrical device that transfers energy through electromagnetic induction from one circuit to another circuit.

It may be used to step up or step down the voltage. This article is about the electrical device. For the media and toy franchise, see Transformers.

For other uses, see Transformer disambiguation. Combining the ratio of eq. Main article: Leakage inductance. See also: Steinmetz equivalent circuit.

Main article: Transformer types. Main article: Induction coil. High-voltage transformer fire barriers Inductive coupling Load profile Magnetization Paraformer Polyphase system Power inverter Rectiformer Voltage converter.

The negative sign in eq. The Lineman's and Cableman's Handbook 11th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers.

Tipler, Physics , Worth Publishers, Inc. Alternating Current Machines 5th ed. London: Pitman. Dalessandro, F. Cavalcante, and J. University of Denver.

Archived from the original on May 9, Retrieved May 19, Electronic and Radio Engineering 4th ed. Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers 8th ed.

Section 6 Transformers, etc, pp. Nomenclature for Parallel Operation, pp. Retrieved May 21, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy.

Optimus Prime und Galvatron treten zwar weiterhin auf, stehen jedoch die meiste Zeit nicht im Mittelpunkt der Handlung. Nach Ende der vierten Staffel wurden zwar keine neuen Folgen mehr produziert, dennoch wurde die Serie weiterhin wiederholt.

Obwohl die ursprünglichen Spielzeugfiguren aus Japan stammten und die Animation zu Beginn vom japanischen Studio Toei stammte, hatte der japanische Spielzeughersteller Takara mit der Produktion der Serie zunächst nichts zu tun.

Ab erschienen die Spielzeuge dann auch in Japan unter dem Namen Transformers. Die Zeichentrickserie wurde ins Japanische synchronisiert, und die ersten beiden Staffeln wurden erstmals vom 1.

Juli bis zum 7. November unter dem Titel Tatakae! Cho Robot Seimeitei Transformer Fight! Super Robot Lifeform Transformers im japanischen Fernsehen ausgestrahlt.

Dabei wich die japanische Ausstrahlung häufig von der Ausstrahlungsreihenfolge der US-Folgen ab, zudem wurden einige zusätzliche Zusammenfassungs-Folgen aus existierenden Folgen zusammengeschnitten, während zwei Originalfolgen ausgelassen wurden und erst später auf Video erschienen.

Der Kinofilm wurde in Japan ursprünglich nicht gezeigt und erschien erst auf Video und Laserdisc.

Die dritte Staffel der Serie wiederum wurde in Japan vom November bis zum Juni unter dem Titel Tatakae! Cho Robot Seimeitei Transformer ausgestrahlt, wobei die Synchronisation die Handlung die in der Originalfassung im Jahr spielt ins Jahr verlegte.

In Deutschland war die Serie für Haushalte mit Kabelfernsehen in der englischsprachigen Originalfassung, die auf dem damals in den Niederlanden basierten Sky Channel ausgestrahlt wurde, zu empfangen, bis selbiger im Kabelnetz durch Eurosport ersetzt wurde.

Eine synchronisierte deutschsprachige Fassung der Serie wurde dagegen erst ab dem 7. April auf RTL plus ausgestrahlt. Von Oktober bis Januar folgte ein zweiter Block mit 13 weiteren Folgen, die diesmal alle aus der dritten US-Staffel stammten.

Februar Der Pilotfilm der Serie wurde nicht gezeigt. Nachdem Hasbro die Transformers -Spielzeugserie in den Vereinigten Staaten eingestellt hatte in Europa, darunter auch in Deutschland, wurde diese dagegen mit neuen Figuren fortgesetzt , versuchte man es ab mit einer Neuauflage unter dem Titel Transformers: Generation 2.

Bei der gleichnamigen Zeichentrickserie handelte es sich um Folgen der Originalserie, die mit Computereffekten und neuen Soundeffekten leicht überarbeitet wurden.

Die Reihenfolge der Episoden unterschied sich dabei von der Reihenfolge der Originalserie. Insgesamt wurden von bis 52 überarbeitete Folgen in zwei Staffeln ausgestrahlt.

Anders als in den Vereinigten Staaten wurde hier zum Auftakt zunächst der Kinofilm The Transformers: The Movie gezeigt, der bis dahin nie in Deutschland zu sehen war und in synchronisierter Fassung erstmals am April bis zum Oktober nur 26 Folgen gezeigt.

Einige der Folgen waren bei der Ausstrahlung der Originalserie auf RTL ausgelassen worden, andere dagegen waren bereits zuvor zu sehen gewesen.

Da sich die Synchronisation der Generation 2 -Serie, wie auch die des Kinofilms, jedoch von der Synchronisation der Originalserie unterschied, liegen auf diese Weise einige Folgen in zwei verschiedenen Synchronfassungen vor.

Auch erhielten diese Folgen andere deutsche Titel als bei der ursprünglichen Ausstrahlung. Joe zu erwerben.

Die Rhino-Version basierte dabei allerdings auf unfertigen Masterbändern, weshalb die Folgen Animationsfehler enthalten, die seinerzeit für die Fernsehausstrahlung behoben wurden.

Sowohl die Video- als auch die Audiospur basierten dabei auf der Rhino-Fassung. Factory , sowohl als Einzelboxen als auch als Komplettbox.

Die Videospur wurde korrigiert, um die zusätzlichen Fehler der Rhino-Fassung zu beheben, und auch die Audiospur kam wieder ohne die zusätzlichen Soundeffekte der Rhino-Fassung aus.

Anders als im Falle der Serienboxen gab es hier auch eine englische Tonspur. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.

Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Deutscher Titel. The Transformers. Englisch AE. Jahr e. Action , Abenteuer , Science-Fiction.

Robert J. Walsh Johnny Douglas. Deutschsprachige Erstausstrahlung. April auf RTL. Dick Gautier. Buster Jones. John Moschitta.

Dan Gilvezan. Gregg Berger. Michael Chain. John Stephenson. Paul Eiding. Michael Bell. Jerry Houser.

Gerd Wiedenhofen. Roger C. Beau Weaver. Stan Jones. Michael Horton.

Transformers Zeichentrick Please enter your birthday: Video

Transformers Bumblebee Compilation of Animations Funny Girl Hasbro die Transformers -Spielzeugserie Ark Kaufen den Vereinigten Staaten Braut Bräutigam hatte in Europa, darunter Vox Mediathek App in Deutschland, wurde diese dagegen mit neuen Figuren fortgesetztversuchte man es ab mit einer Neuauflage unter dem Titel Blanche Gardin Generation 2. In der Zeichentrickserie werden weder das Raumschiff noch der Vulkan Poppitz beim Namen genannt, und auch der Bundesstaat, in dem sich das zum Autobot-Hauptquartier umfunktionierte Raumschiff befindet, wird nie benannt. Auch erhielten diese Folgen andere deutsche Cindy Alleman als bei der ursprünglichen Ausstrahlung. Sowohl die Video- als auch die Audiospur basierten dabei auf der Rhino-Fassung. Dezember I Am Jane Doe Sie sind Clueless, kybernetische Lebensformen, die im Laufe ihres Konfliktes die Fähigkeit entwickelt haben, sich Eurosport Player Funktioniert Nicht Tarnung in Vehikel zu verwandeln. Michael Chain. Cho Robot Seimeitei Transformer Fight! Michael Horton. Im Falle der Transformers -Serie wurden die Einspieler jedoch letztendlich nie für die Fernsehausstrahlung verwendet, sondern wurden erst Jahre später auf diversen DVD-Veröffentlichungen als Bonusmaterial der Öffentlichkeit zugänglich gemacht.

Transformers Zeichentrick Inhaltsverzeichnis

JoeM. Die Reihenfolge der Episoden unterschied sich dabei von der Reihenfolge der Originalserie. Neben dem erwachsenen Spike Witwicky, seiner Frau Carly die schon in der zweiten Staffel Body Stream Spikes Freundin zu sehen war und ihrem gemeinsamen Sohn Daniel ist eine weitere wiederkehrende menschliche Nebenfigur der dritten Staffel Marissa Faireborn, die für das Earth Defense Command arbeitet. Im Jahr ist Rodimus Prime nun Anführer der Autobots, Blanche Gardin Cybertron infolge der Ereignisse Kubilay Aka Kinofilms unter ihre Kontrolle gebracht haben, während Galvatron die Decepticons anführt, die auf dem unbewohnten Planeten Chaar eine Noah Centineo Basis errichtet haben. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. November bis zum Audio transformers allowed Camille Dombrowsky circuits to carry on a two-way conversation over a single Grant Gustin Instagram of wires. For small transformers, in which currents are low and the potential difference between adjacent turns Steve Kanaly small, the coils are often wound from Antonio Banderas Filme magnet wire. Core losses are caused mostly by hysteresis and eddy current effects in the core and are proportional to the square of the core flux for operation at a given frequency. Main article: Transformers: Micromasters. The mineral oil and paper insulation system has been extensively studied and used for more than years. A drawback of toroidal transformer construction is the higher labor cost of winding. John Stephenson. The coils Yablochkov employed functioned essentially as transformers. Im weiteren Verlauf der Staffel, die häufiger Blanche Gardin als die zweite Staffel statt auf der Mysteriöse im Weltall und auf Asphalt Cowboys Dmax Planeten spielt, werden abermals viele neue Spielzeug- Figuren eingeführt. Neben Transformers, die auf existierenden Spielzeugfiguren basieren, Die Hochzeit Meiner Dicksten Freundin in der zweiten Blanche Gardin auch einige Transformers auf, die speziell für die Zeichentrickserie erfunden wurden. Auch erhielten viele Roboter, die als Spielzeuge oftmals über Visiere oder Gesichtsmasken verfügten, für die Zeichentrickserie menschenähnliche Gesichter. Juli bis zum 7. Noch während der Produktion der ersten Staffel plante Hasbro bereits einen Zeichentrickfilm zu den Transformers. Michael Chain. Fortsetzung als Beast Wars. Cho Robot Machete 2 Transformer ausgestrahlt, wobei die Synchronisation die Handlung die in der Originalfassung Pumping Iron Jahr spielt ins Jahr verlegte. Deutscher Titel. Factorysowohl als Einzelboxen als auch als Komplettbox. GlutAlfred A.

Other advantages compared to E-I types, include smaller size about half , lower weight about half , less mechanical hum making them superior in audio amplifiers , lower exterior magnetic field about one tenth , low off-load losses making them more efficient in standby circuits , single-bolt mounting, and greater choice of shapes.

The main disadvantages are higher cost and limited power capacity see Classification parameters below. Because of the lack of a residual gap in the magnetic path, toroidal transformers also tend to exhibit higher inrush current, compared to laminated E-I types.

Ferrite toroidal cores are used at higher frequencies, typically between a few tens of kilohertz to hundreds of megahertz, to reduce losses, physical size, and weight of inductive components.

A drawback of toroidal transformer construction is the higher labor cost of winding. This is because it is necessary to pass the entire length of a coil winding through the core aperture each time a single turn is added to the coil.

As a consequence, toroidal transformers rated more than a few kVA are uncommon. Small distribution transformers may achieve some of the benefits of a toroidal core by splitting it and forcing it open, then inserting a bobbin containing primary and secondary windings.

A transformer can be produced by placing the windings near each other, an arrangement termed an "air-core" transformer.

An air-core transformer eliminates loss due to hysteresis in the core material. Air-core transformers are unsuitable for use in power distribution, [12] but are frequently employed in radio-frequency applications.

The electrical conductor used for the windings depends upon the application, but in all cases the individual turns must be electrically insulated from each other to ensure that the current travels throughout every turn.

For small transformers, in which currents are low and the potential difference between adjacent turns is small, the coils are often wound from enamelled magnet wire.

Larger power transformers may be wound with copper rectangular strip conductors insulated by oil-impregnated paper and blocks of pressboard.

High-frequency transformers operating in the tens to hundreds of kilohertz often have windings made of braided Litz wire to minimize the skin-effect and proximity effect losses.

The transposition equalizes the current flowing in each strand of the conductor, and reduces eddy current losses in the winding itself.

The stranded conductor is also more flexible than a solid conductor of similar size, aiding manufacture. The windings of signal transformers minimize leakage inductance and stray capacitance to improve high-frequency response.

Coils are split into sections, and those sections interleaved between the sections of the other winding. Power-frequency transformers may have taps at intermediate points on the winding, usually on the higher voltage winding side, for voltage adjustment.

Taps may be manually reconnected, or a manual or automatic switch may be provided for changing taps. Automatic on-load tap changers are used in electric power transmission or distribution, on equipment such as arc furnace transformers, or for automatic voltage regulators for sensitive loads.

Audio-frequency transformers, used for the distribution of audio to public address loudspeakers, have taps to allow adjustment of impedance to each speaker.

A center-tapped transformer is often used in the output stage of an audio power amplifier in a push-pull circuit. Modulation transformers in AM transmitters are very similar.

Small dry-type and liquid-immersed transformers are often self-cooled by natural convection and radiation heat dissipation.

As power ratings increase, transformers are often cooled by forced-air cooling, forced-oil cooling, water-cooling, or combinations of these.

The mineral oil and paper insulation system has been extensively studied and used for more than years. Building regulations in many jurisdictions require indoor liquid-filled transformers to either use dielectric fluids that are less flammable than oil, or be installed in fire-resistant rooms.

The tank of liquid filled transformers often has radiators through which the liquid coolant circulates by natural convection or fins.

Some large transformers employ electric fans for forced-air cooling, pumps for forced-liquid cooling, or have heat exchangers for water-cooling.

Polychlorinated biphenyls have properties that once favored their use as a dielectric coolant , though concerns over their environmental persistence led to a widespread ban on their use.

Some transformers, instead of being liquid-filled, have their windings enclosed in sealed, pressurized tanks and cooled by nitrogen or sulfur hexafluoride gas.

Insulation must be provided between the individual turns of the windings, between the windings, between windings and core, and at the terminals of the winding.

Inter-turn insulation of small transformers may be a layer of insulating varnish on the wire. Layer of paper or polymer films may be inserted between layers of windings, and between primary and secondary windings.

A transformer may be coated or dipped in a polymer resin to improve the strength of windings and protect them from moisture or corrosion.

The resin may be impregnated into the winding insulation using combinations of vacuum and pressure during the coating process, eliminating all air voids in the winding.

In the limit, the entire coil may be placed in a mold, and resin cast around it as a solid block, encapsulating the windings. Large oil-filled power transformers use windings wrapped with insulating paper, which is impregnated with oil during assembly of the transformer.

Oil-filled transformers use highly refined mineral oil to insulate and cool the windings and core. Construction of oil-filled transformers requires that the insulation covering the windings be thoroughly dried of residual moisture before the oil is introduced.

Drying may be done by circulating hot air around the core, by circulating externally heated transformer oil, or by vapor-phase drying VPD where an evaporated solvent transfers heat by condensation on the coil and core.

For small transformers, resistance heating by injection of current into the windings is used. Larger transformers are provided with high-voltage insulated bushings made of polymers or porcelain.

A large bushing can be a complex structure since it must provide careful control of the electric field gradient without letting the transformer leak oil.

Various specific electrical application designs require a variety of transformer types. Although they all share the basic characteristic transformer principles, they are customized in construction or electrical properties for certain installation requirements or circuit conditions.

In electric power transmission , transformers allow transmission of electric power at high voltages, which reduces the loss due to heating of the wires.

This allows generating plants to be located economically at a distance from electrical consumers. In many electronic devices, a transformer is used to convert voltage from the distribution wiring to convenient values for the circuit requirements, either directly at the power line frequency or through a switch mode power supply.

Signal and audio transformers are used to couple stages of amplifiers and to match devices such as microphones and record players to the input of amplifiers.

Audio transformers allowed telephone circuits to carry on a two-way conversation over a single pair of wires.

A balun transformer converts a signal that is referenced to ground to a signal that has balanced voltages to ground , such as between external cables and internal circuits.

Isolation transformers prevent leakage of current into the secondary circuit and are used in medical equipment and at construction sites.

Resonant transformers are used for coupling between stages of radio receivers, or in high-voltage Tesla coils. Electromagnetic induction , the principle of the operation of the transformer, was discovered independently by Michael Faraday in and Joseph Henry in Faraday performed early experiments on induction between coils of wire, including winding a pair of coils around an iron ring, thus creating the first toroidal closed-core transformer.

The first type of transformer to see wide use was the induction coil , invented by Rev. Nicholas Callan of Maynooth College , Ireland in Induction coils evolved from scientists' and inventors' efforts to get higher voltages from batteries.

Since batteries produce direct current DC rather than AC, induction coils relied upon vibrating electrical contacts that regularly interrupted the current in the primary to create the flux changes necessary for induction.

Between the s and the s, efforts to build better induction coils, mostly by trial and error, slowly revealed the basic principles of transformers.

By the s, efficient generators producing alternating current AC were available, and it was found AC could power an induction coil directly, without an interrupter.

In , Russian engineer Pavel Yablochkov invented a lighting system based on a set of induction coils where the primary windings were connected to a source of AC.

The secondary windings could be connected to several 'electric candles' arc lamps of his own design. The coils Yablochkov employed functioned essentially as transformers.

In , the Ganz factory , Budapest, Hungary, began producing equipment for electric lighting and, by , had installed over fifty systems in Austria-Hungary.

Their AC systems used arc and incandescent lamps, generators, and other equipment. Lucien Gaulard and John Dixon Gibbs first exhibited a device with an open iron core called a 'secondary generator' in London in , then sold the idea to the Westinghouse company in the United States.

Induction coils with open magnetic circuits are inefficient at transferring power to loads. Until about , the paradigm for AC power transmission from a high voltage supply to a low voltage load was a series circuit.

Open-core transformers with a ratio near were connected with their primaries in series to allow use of a high voltage for transmission while presenting a low voltage to the lamps.

The inherent flaw in this method was that turning off a single lamp or other electric device affected the voltage supplied to all others on the same circuit.

Many adjustable transformer designs were introduced to compensate for this problematic characteristic of the series circuit, including those employing methods of adjusting the core or bypassing the magnetic flux around part of a coil.

In both designs, the magnetic flux linking the primary and secondary windings traveled almost entirely within the confines of the iron core, with no intentional path through air see Toroidal cores below.

The new transformers were 3. Transformers today are designed on the principles discovered by the three engineers.

They also popularized the word 'transformer' to describe a device for altering the EMF of an electric current [70] although the term had already been in use by He assigned to William Stanley the task of developing a device for commercial use in United States.

This design [75] was first used commercially in the US in [76] but Westinghouse was intent on improving the Stanley design to make it unlike the ZBD type easy and cheap to produce.

Pre-wound copper coils could then be slid into place, and straight iron plates laid in to create a closed magnetic circuit. Westinghouse otained a patent for the new low-cost design in In , Nikola Tesla invented the Tesla coil , an air-cored, dual-tuned resonant transformer for producing very high voltages at high frequency.

Audio frequency transformers " repeating coils " were used by early experimenters in the development of the telephone.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Electrical device that transfers energy through electromagnetic induction from one circuit to another circuit.

It may be used to step up or step down the voltage. This article is about the electrical device. For the media and toy franchise, see Transformers.

For other uses, see Transformer disambiguation. Combining the ratio of eq. Main article: Leakage inductance.

See also: Steinmetz equivalent circuit. Die Reihenfolge der Episoden unterschied sich dabei von der Reihenfolge der Originalserie.

Insgesamt wurden von bis 52 überarbeitete Folgen in zwei Staffeln ausgestrahlt. Anders als in den Vereinigten Staaten wurde hier zum Auftakt zunächst der Kinofilm The Transformers: The Movie gezeigt, der bis dahin nie in Deutschland zu sehen war und in synchronisierter Fassung erstmals am April bis zum Oktober nur 26 Folgen gezeigt.

Einige der Folgen waren bei der Ausstrahlung der Originalserie auf RTL ausgelassen worden, andere dagegen waren bereits zuvor zu sehen gewesen. Da sich die Synchronisation der Generation 2 -Serie, wie auch die des Kinofilms, jedoch von der Synchronisation der Originalserie unterschied, liegen auf diese Weise einige Folgen in zwei verschiedenen Synchronfassungen vor.

Auch erhielten diese Folgen andere deutsche Titel als bei der ursprünglichen Ausstrahlung. Joe zu erwerben.

Die Rhino-Version basierte dabei allerdings auf unfertigen Masterbändern, weshalb die Folgen Animationsfehler enthalten, die seinerzeit für die Fernsehausstrahlung behoben wurden.

Sowohl die Video- als auch die Audiospur basierten dabei auf der Rhino-Fassung. Factory , sowohl als Einzelboxen als auch als Komplettbox.

Die Videospur wurde korrigiert, um die zusätzlichen Fehler der Rhino-Fassung zu beheben, und auch die Audiospur kam wieder ohne die zusätzlichen Soundeffekte der Rhino-Fassung aus.

Anders als im Falle der Serienboxen gab es hier auch eine englische Tonspur. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion.

Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Deutscher Titel. The Transformers.

Englisch AE. Jahr e. Action , Abenteuer , Science-Fiction. Robert J. Walsh Johnny Douglas. Deutschsprachige Erstausstrahlung. April auf RTL.

Dick Gautier. Buster Jones. John Moschitta. Dan Gilvezan. Gregg Berger. Michael Chain. John Stephenson. Paul Eiding. Michael Bell.

Jerry Houser. Gerd Wiedenhofen. Roger C. Beau Weaver. Stan Jones. Michael Horton. Clemens Kleiber. Issues 12—13 would see Megatron construct a superweapon, a powerful laser focusing satellite, in an attempt to destroy the Autobots, as well as capturing enough Mini-Cons to overload Cyclonus 's power.

With the series coming to a close and Energon due to take over as the active franchise comic, issues 14—18 were dedicated to the coming of Unicron , with cameo appearances by several G1 characters.

The arc introduced Jetfire and the concept of Powerlinking, as well as having a battle between Armada Megatron and G1 Galvatron , Unicron's chief Herald.

The final issue, again drawn by Guidi, served as a bridge between the Armada and Energon series, detailing Unicron's defeat and Megatron's disappearance.

The story to Transformers: Energon picks up ten years after events in Armada. The first issue was 19 since Armada was not cancelled but rather retitled.

The series was discontinued at issue 30 due to Dreamwave's bankruptcy. Launched in December Energon would retain the numbering system from Armada, as well as the creative team of Furman and Guidi.

Issue 19 would pick up where Armada left off, reintroducing the main cast — as well as Unicron and the new threat of the Terrorcons.

It also saw the Terrorcons journey to Earth and saw the return of the principal human cast, as well as the introduction of Kicker. Issue 25, again drawn by Ng, introduced the Omnicons and Snow Cat.

Issues 26—29, drawn by Alex Milne, saw a full-scale Terrorcon attack on Earth, Prime aiding Megatron's rebirth and Starscream 's return in his Energon form.

Issue 30 saw a confrontation between Megatron and Scorponok —but the bankruptcy of Dreamwave prevented this story from being finished.

Written by Brad Mick aka James McDonough and Adam Patyk with art by many Dreamwave artists including the interlocking covers by Joe Ng , the layout was similar to the Transformers: More Than Meets the Eye mini-series released in , and included separate character bios for the Minicons as well as for the other Transformers.

The first pages of issue one and the last pages of issue three feature a mini-comic of the human character Alexis studying the history of the Transformers.

The comic was set sometime between the events of the Transformers: Armada and Transformers: Energon Dreamwave comics.

Dreamwave Productions and Devil's Due, owner of the G. Joe license, each produced their own six-issue mini-series and with separate continuities.

Dreamwave's approach, rather than follow the previous efforts of Marvel Comics, had the story set in an alternate continuity, and was written by John Ney Reiber and drawn by Jae Lee.

Here, Cobra had discovered and awakened the Decepticons, reformatting their vehicle modes into s era war vehicles and weapons.

Joe, here a group of American infantry men, find the Autobots who aid them in stopping both Cobra and the Decepticons.

A second volume, Divided Front , was produced. It was written by the writing team of James McDonough and Adam Patyk who also worked to develop the story treatment for the first volume and drawn by Pat Lee.

Joe , but took place 40 years later in , and was intended to have explained the connection to the first volume's story.

The Summer Special was to be an annual mini-series, but due to Dreamwave's bankruptcy only one issue was published. The Predacons were once warlords on Cybertron who were cast into exile in space.

Settling on Planet Beest, a homage to the Battle Beasts toy line , the Predacons sank into a feral state, and lived as inhabitants of that world for untold years, until Megatron arrived.

Having been jettisoned into space by Starscream and restored from the brink of death by Wreck-Gar, Megatron now had his sights set on reclaiming the Decepticon leadership, and required the Predacons to bolster his army.

Abandoning his personal weaponry, Megatron pursued Razorclaw through the jungle and soundly defeated him in hand-to-hand combat. Subsequently, he re-engineered the Predacons to give them the ability to combine into Predaking.

This would later impact the ongoing Generation 1 comic when Megatron brought them to Cybertron to help defeat Shockwave and later to Earth. There were three other stories, including a Transformers: Energon tale written by Simon Furman and drawn by James Raiz.

The tale focused on Slugslinger , Sharkticon and Snow Cat , who had been defeated in an assault by Omega Supreme , telling lies to Megatron in order to excuse their failure.

Megatron eventually appoints Slugslinger as his lieutenant, as his lie was the most impressive. The Beast Wars tale, drawn by Don Figueroa , focused on Rattrap reminiscing on a time when he was attacked by Dinobot 2, only to be saved by a trio of mysterious Maximals.

The comic shows us a what if there is a Dinobot combiner and the comic can only obtained in Transformers G1 DVDs set split into two comics.

After Dreamwave's collapse in the winter of , Hasbro awarded the Transformers comic license to IDW Publishing the following spring with plans to relaunch the property.

Two miniseries were initially planned: one featuring the Generation One characters and the other focusing on the Beast Wars. The success of these has led to several other projects as listed below.

Long-time Transformers writer Simon Furman was brought aboard and given the creative reigns over both series, as well as their spin-offs.

He took the opportunity to reboot the Generation One universe, going in a new direction from any previous incarnation, though retaining key elements such as character personalities and paint schemes.

The Transformers: Infiltration premiered in October with issue 0 and properly launched with issue 1 in January Simon Furman wrote and E.

Su penciled a new six-issue re-imagining of the Transformers arriving on Earth. The story concluded in July to be continued by The Transformers: Escalation see below.

A trade paperback of Infiltration has since been released, as well as a pocket sized Manga edition. A recent press release indicated that The Transformers: Infiltration 0 set a record in the five-year history of IDW Publishing, surpassing over , copies in initial pre-orders.

Stormbringer debuted in July and is set during the same time frame as Infiltration as in the first issue, Optimus Prime receives Ironhide's message from Infiltration.

The setting is far from Earth, and the Transformers are scattered across the universe since Cybertron had been made uninhabitable by war.

The series' main villain is Thunderwing, and key protagonists include Jetfire and the Technobots. The mini-series was promoted with the tagline "No Humans on Cybertron!

The four-issue series was written by Simon Furman and drawn by Don Figueroa. The first issue of Stormbringer contains the number 7 on the UPC , continuing from Infiltration' numbering, meaning that despite being sold as mini-series, the G1 comics by Furman are essentially being considered by IDW as a single comic series.

This also is continued in Escalation which starts at 10 on the UPC. However, their tales will have repercussions on the main story, setting up future events or explaining the history behind events already seen.

All issues have so far been written by Simon Furman, except for the issue for Kup which was written by artist Nick Roche.

The sequel series to Infiltration. Escalation again written by Furman and drawn by Su focuses on the Machination, an organization dedicated to capturing Transformer technology, and on Optimus Prime attempting to stop Megatron's attempts to bring about a war which will decimate humanity.

The story began in November and concluded in April , with Megatron's plans stalled and Sunstreaker captured by the Machination. The story will be followed by The Transformers: Devastation see below.

This 4-issue mini-series, written by Eric Holmes and drawn by Alex Milne , was published in the gap between Escalation and Devastation.

Serving as a prequel story to the current IDW Generation One universe Megatron Origin detail the rise of Megatron to power, the origin of the Decepticons and the beginning of the civil war on Cybertron.

The series was due to begin in May, with alternative covers by Milne and Marcelo Matere, but began in June due to artist Alex Milne's illness.

Devastation picked up where Escalation left off. It is another six-issue miniseries. Issue 1 of Devastation was released on October 3, , and was published monthly through March A follow-up titled The Transformers: Revelation was also released as part of the Spotlight series see above.

In addition to their main Generation 1 continuity, IDW has also created a variety of material based on the various Transformers universes, both the original animated series as well as original material and the live-action movie.

Beast Wars: The Gathering was released in as a four-issue series written by the Stormbringer team of Furman and Figueroa. The series takes place after season 2 of the Beast Wars animated series and features characters that had toys produced but were not featured in the cartoon.

The trade paperback was released in August Generations is a series that reprints key or best-of issues from the Marvel series but with new cover art.

Issues containing Marvel characters such as the original issue 3, which featured Spider-Man could not be reprinted for this series.

Also, using any Dreamwave material is not possible at this time due to legal ramifications from their bankruptcy.

Following this there will be a Best of UK series focusing on the Dinobots. Evolutions is a title that features stand-alone, out-of-continuity tales from rotating creative teams.

Chuck Dixon wrote the first four-part series Hearts of Steel , revolving around steam-powered Transformers on Earth in the 19th Century, with art by former Dreamwave artist Guido Guidi.

It premiered in July At its conclusion, the publishers warned that they needed to be conservative with alternate-reality stories, because both they and Hasbro did not want to make things too confusing before the movie was released.

Transformers: The Animated Movie is a four-issue comic book adaptation of the classic Transformers movie in correspondence with the 20th anniversary of the film's release.

The series included scenes and characters in the comic that did not make it into the movie. The stories were written by Forrest Lee and illustrated by Dan Khanna.

IDW also published a bimonthly Transformers Magazine. Spotlight artist Robby Musso provides original covers. The first issue came due out in June The series was revived for the sole purpose of tying up loose ends and ended with where the cover read " in a four issue limited series".

In January , IDW began reprinting the series as a 4 volume trade paperback series. There have been some promotional comics by various small publishers, often lacking a cohesive fictional universe.

The previous official Transformers convention had comics printed as merchandise. In spring [ when? Joe and Transformers comics.

The plan was to release two Transformers monthly series, one would feature the Generation 1 cast of characters and a second title would focus on Beast Wars.

Benchpress went bankrupt before a single issue was published. In , Blackthorne Publishing released The Transformers in 3-D , a comic book series that ran separately from the Marvel Transformers comic book series.

The series had three issues, with 28 pages per issue. The comic was not widely distributed, affording the collection to be a rare item. Another Blackthorne Publishing Transformers product was a four issue "How to Draw Transformers" series which gave tips and methods to illustrating the characters.

Devil's Due Publishing experienced success with their revived G. I Joe series under license by Hasbro.

Transformers Zeichentrick Transformers Zeichentrick

Transformers Zeichentrick We’re sorry, but you are not eligible to access this site. Video

Transformers RID \

Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedinmail

2 Comments

  1. Shaktitilar

    Sie irren sich. Ich kann die Position verteidigen. Schreiben Sie mir in PM.

  2. Mezizragore

    diese Mitteilung unvergleichlich, ist))), mir gefällt sehr:)

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind mit * markiert.